What Is Information Knowledge?


Author: Lorena
Published: 6 Dec 2021


The data is turned into information when it is not collected. The knowledge is the useful material that is relevant to the subject. Take a look at the article to understand the terms further.

Information can be used in the decision making process to transform the data into an intelligible form. When data becomes meaningful after conversion, it is known as information. It is something that gives answer to a question.

The main characteristics of information are accurate, relevant, and available. It can be obtained from various sources such as newspaper, television, internet, people, books, and so on, and can be communicated in the form of a message. Knowledge is the familiarity and awareness of a person, place, events, ideas, issues, ways of doing things or anything else, which is gathered through learning, perceiving or discovering.

Information and Knowledge

Information is a set of data that is processed in a meaningful way. It is presented in a way that makes it meaningful and useful. Information improves the reliability of the data.

It helps to ensure undesirability. The data never has any useless details when it is transformed into information. Context, relevance, and purpose are included in the data.

It involves the manipulation of data which eventually becomes knowledge. Knowledge is a combination of information, experience and insight that helps the individual organization. It is linked to doing and implies knowledge.

The Four Categories of Wisdom

The first four categories relate to the past, they deal with what has been or what is known. Wisdom deals with the future because it incorporates vision and design. People can create the future with wisdom, rather than just grasping the present and past. People must move through the other categories to get wisdom.

Data as Information

Data becomes information when it is integrated into a context. Information can be used to provide expertise about facts or people. The information about a date of birth is meaningless when it is not known who the person is.

Adding more information like the name creates more knowledge about the person. The definitions show the differences and can be used to identify a process that transforms data to knowledge. Data can be transformed into information by assigning meaning to a date.

The linking of various data can also represent information. The moment the information is linked and stored, it becomes knowledge. The data is a representation of the knowledge and information at a formal level.

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The Definition of Information in Context

Data could be considered an irregular word, like deer or sheep, where the meaning is in the context. Data could be used to represent a set of facts, and an individual fact could be used to represent them. The data management discipline has enough challenge without treating data as an irregular word.

Data is singular and the data is plural. Data in context are individual facts that can be understood. They are wrapped with meaning, but not yet information.

A single fact wrapped with meaning is called a datum. The answer might lead to more information. Only relevant information leads to knowledge and not non-relevant information.

There is a raw data can become relevant or non-relevant information if it is wrapped with meaning. Information can become knowledge if it is relevant.

Information is any data that is summary or derived. Data are still data even if they are primitive or derived. They are not yet information because they have not become relevant or timely.

Active Data and Wisdom

Information is the momentary removal of structure from data that modifies the perspective to the interpreter. Information is only available at the time of active data interpretation. Information creates a context that reveals discontinuities between what is known and what is new.

Inert data does not mean a lack of value. The absolute value of any data is determined by personal interpretation or market forces. If the data is used to create value, it will hold that value regardless of whether or not it is active.

Data that is considered highly valuable only shows that value when used. Most data is incomplete. Transactions continue to occur even though data from an online store may be gleaned about user preferences.

No inference will be made by the latest information. New records create more data when an extract occurs. The only data that can be considered complete is a model for which there is an arbitrary definition of completeness.

The data being interpreted is a complete model of the target system. The data can be considered complete if there is no additional information. The human brain and the computer's working memory can be used to take action, analysis and interpretation.

Information and Evidence

Information conceived can give rise to evidence, which is information bearing on the truth or falsity of a proposition. Evidence is information that can be used to support a hypothesis. All evidence is information, but not all evidence is evidence. The comparison of information in support of competing claims helps define what evidence is needed to support a claim.

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